Background about the strategic information systems

The teaching methodology is varied from lecture, case study, discussion, and project. During the last semester, students will carry out a dissertation project supervised by the faculty members from various disciplines.

Note: Candidate with qualification other than Computing field can be accepted with the condition of taking prerequisite module as an early preparation for their graduate studies. Students are required to select only three elective courses. An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer that is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook. Brigitte Madden Manifest Absolutely Anything. Access your free report now! Damyanti Roul , Student at shikshapeeth college of management and technology.

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Strategic information system - Wikipedia

Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. Lecture 1 Information Systems and Business Strategy 2. Business Objectives of Information Systems 1. Operational excellence 2. New products, services, and business models 3. Customer and supplier intimacy 4. Improved decision making 5.

Competitive advantage 6. What is CRP? Thus, they seek manufacturers who had the capability to: 1. Such systems are powerful tools for staying ahead of the competition. Different Types of SIS 1. A well thought out IT strategy can be a source of sustainable advantage as well. IT Strategy vs. Corporate or Business Strategy [5] An IT strategy is typically a long-term action plan for achieving a goal, set in the context of a rapidly changing technology environment.

For any IT strategy to be effective it must have measurable links to a business strategy - and it is here that many IT strategies fail. The most effective IT strategies are those which not only link to a business strategy, but also combine tactics and logistics. As discussed, business technology alignment is more than that as it is the alignment of business capability with IT Capability.

IT Strategy is often included as part of the business strategy. Before IT strategy developed as a discipline, business strategy process was extended to include technology implications and the business strategy document became the de-facto home of IT strategic plan as well. Today, however, the CIO prefers to create their own IT strategy team, follow their own IT strategy process, and communicate the strategic plan for their organization through a separate IT strategic plan document.

Given the complexity of modern day business, technology and the IT organization, this arrangement does provide optimal value for both the business and IT. However, an IT strategy cannot be developed in isolation so the IT strategy development team must comprise of business and IT people. The initiative must have both business and IT sponsorship. The recommendations must be bought into by both sides of the aisle. Business strategy and IT strategy processes must be closely coordinated. In general, there is a single logical process, organization, and communication document for business and IT strategy.

The boundaries are a way of splitting work not responsibility. The delineation is simply done to facilitate delivery and nothing else. Also known as Business IT Alignment or aligning business with IT information technology or business technology alignment this process is often misconstrued as: "align business strategy with IT strategy.

However, there are other equally important components such as organization and process. A focus on strategy alone loses the critical impact of the other components on business value. The order of these words causes confusion as well. Business drives IT - so business IT alignment makes sense. However, increasingly, technology drives business and that meaning gets lost with this order of words. Different situations demand a different starting and ending point and the steps in between.

However, a well-defined process and can help you create an effective IT strategic plan.

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The critical elements of an IT Strategy process are:. Changes in corporate goals and objectives will impact strategic IT implementations. Other factors, such as changes in the economy and new technology could also require adjustments to your strategy. Your plan needs to be fluid to accommodate changing conditions. Listed below are some of the known IT Strategy frameworks:.

Drivers that Influence IT Strategy [10]. As an IT leader, you must understand your business, build consensus and synergy among factions, break down the information silos and prioritize IT initiatives to benefit the entire organization. To succeed with technology, you must have the support and commitment of company leadership and the financial resources to make these changes.

There is a definite cost to implementing a successful IT Strategy. An IT Assessment is an excellent way to identify and prioritize technology initiatives. IT Strategy Components and Enablers [11]. Implementing IT Strategy [12]. Process model for implementing IT strategy source: Jens Bartenschlager. Traditional Approach vs. Agile Approach to IT Strategy [13]. Executives and stakeholders are increasingly turning to IT for innovative solutions that not only lower costs, but also increase efficiency and add competitive value.

Given the wide range of business expectations, successfully implementing an IT strategy can be challenging. But following these five practices can position IT departments to better understand and deliver on strategic goals. Challenges of IT Strategy [15] IT strategy projects seem to have a higher chance of failure than almost any other business pursuit. The challenge in crafting and executing IT strategy essentially boils down to this: IT is still a relatively new field that is rapidly evolving and requires increasingly larger and more complex projects to meet the needs of the business.

IT Strategy creates - modifies, aligns, changes IT Capability not just "technologies" or "systems" as some have implied However, this IT Capability is a means to an end: value IT Strategy's objective is value The end or objective of an IT Strategy is to create value - shareholder, or stakeholder or business value This objective is not met unless we "maximize" value i. On the contrary, it symbolizes a failure of strategy Often, the term competitive advantage is used instead of value.

Competitive advantage does create value but it does not encompass all means of business value - new market entry, process efficiencies etc. Your response to these changes must be in near real time to be effective. Competitive Landscape: The economy and competition forces you to take a closer look at the way you run your IT operations.

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You must be as efficient as possible to remain competitive. All new technology provides a competitive advantage at first. Eventually, it becomes a competitive necessity and finally a competitive disadvantage as it ages out and needs to be replaced. Do you still use older technology that no longer provides a competitive advantage?

IS_272_FS_2015-16-Strategic Information Systems Development

Consider replacing it. Social Media and Networking: Social Media and networking have emerged as a way of providing person to person connections and sharing information.

Questions On Strategic Information Systems

Both are critical, customers are changing the way they research and find solutions to their business problems. Take the time to learn and integrate Social Media into your process. Some companies use open source hardware and software to cut costs. But it is not enough to simply cut costs, the money saved should be targeted to other revenue generating initiatives. IT is more than buying stuff. Being green uses less resources, enables you to produce more with fewer resources, and saves money.